Journal of Universal Language
Sejong University Language Research Institue

Universals for the New Structural Level of Clause Representation

Valery Solovyev1
1Kazan State University

Copyright ⓒ 2016, Sejong University Language Research Institue. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published Online: Jan 01, 2017


A new predicate-argument relation is introduced in this paper. Some arguments of the verb are distinguished as central to the base of surface marking. Information transfers from arguments to the verb are critical items of distinguishment; central arguments can be found in every language. While offering information transfers and centers classifications, this paper shows that the main property of centers is the scope of semantic roles accessible for central argument. Furthermore, this paper analyzes the relationship between the offered conception and well-known conceptions (subject, focus, etc.). This conception reveals a new view of the passive. In this paper, active- passive relations are interpreted as a choice of center position, but not as a transformation. The offered conception can be used to create a new language typology on the base of center properties.

Keywords: language typology; clause structure; information; universals; agreement; passive



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